Ancient gods greek mythology essay

It was a surprising outcome since he had been rebellious ever since he was born and none expected him to obey anyone. Along with being a messenger, Hermes' job was to preside over commerce, wrestling, and other exercises. In short, anything that required "skill and dexterity.

The Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology :

He must have been very adept or multi-talented. Hermes also helped Odysseus and his men ward off the spells of the goddess and sorceress Circe. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc Article 'Hermes' Hermes was a nice soul, who could have been like any other ordinary person. However, he was not always like this. He was a thief when he was born.

The Greek God Uranus

Hermes was the son of the almighty god Zeus, and a minor goddess named Maia. Athena instructs Diomedes not to attack any other gods; but, Diomedes does not take her advice, and fights against Apollo and other gods, which causes Diomedes to retreat until he is saved by being reunited with Athena. This powerful goddess assisted Diomedes greatly as she does the other characters in The Iliad. Another Greek warrior who is helped by Athena was Pandaros.

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Then, she switches to Menelaos' side, to prevent any serious harm from the arrow that was shot. Athena protects these warriors as she protects the other Greeks. She usually protects the characters who were natural winners. Athena supports those who have the potential to be successful and therefore she assists many of the Greek heroes. Apollo is the most important divine supporter of the Trojans. Willcock tells us, "He is the archer god who strikes from afar, the god of disease and healing". Apollo's first intervention occurs after Agamemnon had taken Apollo's priest daughter as a war prize.

Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology Essay -- Greek Mythology

Apollo sends a nine day pestilence upon the Greeks. Apollo also intervenes in the Greek-Trojan War to assist the human characters. One of the warriors Apollo assists is Pandaros. In fact, Apollo is the one who gave Pandaros his bow after he broke the truce with Menelaos by shooting an arrow at him. But, this passage does not truly refer to the actual action of Apollo handing Pandaros his bow, but rather that, as Seth Schein believes, "Pandaros was a specifically good archer".

Because he is a good archer, it is believed that Pandaros is blessed by the god of archery. Agenor, Hektor's half-brother, is another Trojan warrior that Apollo aids. Agenor is debating on whether or not to run into the city of Troy to save the Trojan people, because if he does he probably will be caught and killed by Achilles.

Finally, he decides to run into the city and stand and face Achilles. He hit Achilles with a spear cast and Achilles begins to fight back. But, before Achilles could do anything, Apollo intervenes by taking the form of Agenor and removing him from the battle. Then runs away to lure Achilles apart from the rest of the Trojans. An additional god that intervenes in the Greek-Trojan War is Zeus.

Zeus is not only the most powerful god in The Iliad, but he also plays the most influential role of any of the other gods.

Greek Mythology : Greek Gods

As Willcock states, "Zeus is the supreme god without whose will nothing important happens in the world below". This will or plan of Zeus is central to the plot of The Iliad and plays a decisive role in the main events of the play. Perhaps the reason Zeus is such an influential god is because he intervenes in both the affairs of the Greeks and the Trojans.

He is a neutral god, who is a tandem dispenser of good and evil throughout the play.

Greek Gods, Myths, and Legends

Zeus' neutrality is expressed by Willcock, as he states "Zeus, king of the gods, is impartial but knows that Troy is in doom". Zeus remains neutral throughout the play by coming to the aid of both the Greeks and the Trojans whenever he deems it necessary. This tale describes how humans fell getting further and further away from an ideal state like paradise and closer and closer to the toil and trouble of the world we live in.

Mankind was created and destroyed repeatedly in mythological time, perhaps in an effort to get things right—at least for the creator gods who were dissatisfied with their almost godlike, almost immortal human descendants, who had no reason to worship the gods. Some of the Greek city-states had their own local origin stories about creation that pertained just to the people of that location. The women of Athens, for instance, were said to be the descendants of Pandora.

Greek Mythology Of Greek Gods

Flood myths are universal. The Greeks had their own version of the great flood myth and the subsequent need to repopulate the Earth.

The story of the Titans Deucalion and Pyrrha has several similarities to the one appearing in the Hebrew Old Testament of Noah's ark, including Deucalion being warned of the coming disaster and the construction of a great ship. In Greek mythology, it was the Titan Prometheus brought fire to mankind and as a result, enraged the king of the gods.

Prometheus paid for his crime with torture designed for an immortal: an eternal and painful occupation. To punish mankind, Zeus sent the evils of the world in a pretty package and loosed on that world by Pandora. The Trojan War provides the background for much of both Greek and Roman literature.

Most of what we know of those terrific battles between Greeks and Trojans have been attributed to the 8th century Greek poet Homer.

Homer was the most important of the Greek poets, but we do not know exactly who he was, nor whether he wrote both the Iliad and the Odyssey or even either of them. Nevertheless, Homer's Iliad and Odyssey play a fundamental role in the mythology of both ancient Greece and Rome. With that action, he started the series of events that led to the destruction of his homeland Troy, which, in turn, led to the flight of Aeneas and the founding of Troy.

Horrible crimes were committed by the members of this family on each other, which included Agamemnon and Orestes. In the Greek dramatic festivals, the tragedies frequently centered on one or another member of this royal house. Known as Ulysses in the Roman version of the Odyssey, Odysseus was the most famous hero of the Trojan War who survived to return home.

The war took 10 years and his return trip another 10, but Odysseus made it back safely to a family that was, oddly, still waiting for him.


His story makes up the second of the two works traditionally attributed to Homer, The Odyssey , which contains more fanciful encounters with mythological characters than the more war-story Iliad. Another famous house that couldn't keep from violating major societal laws was the Theban royal house of which Oedipus, Cadmus , and Europa were important members who featured prominently in tragedy and legend. Hercules Heracles or Herakles was immensely popular to the ancient Greeks and Romans and continues to be popular in the modern world. Herodotus found a Hercules figure in ancient Egypt.